This degenerative arthritis which affects the cartilage in joints, limiting the smooth movement of joints. In the lower limb, OA commonly affects the big toe, ankle and knee joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
This autoimmune condition causes destruction of the joint capsule (synovium), resulting in inflammation, joint pain and disability when severe. If your feet are affected by RA, podiatry treatment can help to limit symptoms and protect the joints in your feet.
Bunions typically present as a bony bulge or bump at the base of the big toe joint. There are three stages of bunion development, and early podiatry treatment can help to halt progression of the bunion, minimising the need for surgical intervention.
The feet are commonly affected by gout, which occurs when small crystals of uric acid form in and around joints, with resulting pain, inflammation and swelling. The primary treatment for gout is medical, however podiatry can help with advice to protect foot joints affected by gout.
A hammertoe is a condition that causes the toe to be permanently bent down. It most commonly affects the second, third or fourth toes, and is caused by a shortening of ligaments and tendons beneath the toe. Podiatry helps to relieve pain and symptoms of a hammertoe.